Catholic Bible 101

21st Century Catholic Apologetics for Mary's Spiritual Warriors

Jesus the Bridegroom

Jesus Himself referenced in sacred scripture that he was the Bridegroom.  So who was his bride?  We are, His Church. Jesus said the following:

Mark 2:19-20: 

  1. "Can the wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. The days will come, when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast in that day.

John 3:29: He who has the bride is the bridegroom; the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroom's voice; therefore this joy of mine is now full.

So it's evident that Jesus is the bridegroom. So what was the wedding feast?   And when was the wedding?


The marriage supper of the Lamb is the Eucharist, of course, and Paul says that whenever we eat the bread and drink the cup of the Eucharist, we proclaim the death of the Lord until He comes again. So the death of Christ was his marriage to us...

How? Well, when a bridegroom gets married, he gives his body to his bride on the wedding night, and he is unclothed. Christ gave us, His bride the Church, his body on the cross, after he was stripped naked before His death on the cross. Jesus, from the cross, told Mary to "behold her son," and John to "behold his mother," words you might hear in the hospital when a new child is born to his mother. And the blood and water which flowed from the side of Christ after he was stabbed with a spear also represents new birth, since blood and water are always present at the birth of a child. And the fact that they flowed from His side is analogous to God creating Eve from the side of Adam, only now the new creation is not a woman, but a Church, which has as two of its sacraments the blood of Christ in the Eucharist, and Baptism, which saves us using water.

Additionally, His body was laid in the tomb by his mother Mary, who has always represented the Church. Psalm 139 compares the womb to the "depths of the earth," or a tomb, in Psalm 139:15. Therefore, Christ and His Bride, the Church, were in the tomb, which like the womb of Mary, had never had anyone inside of it.  The slab His body laid upon represents the altar. The tomb represents the Holy of Holies where the Word of God (made flesh now) resided in the temple of Solomon. His dead body represents the earthly unleavened bread before it is blessed, and His risen body represents the heavenly Eucharist after the bread is blessed….

Other nuptial connections in Sacred Scripture are

The aromatic nard which the woman who anointed Jesus feet with in John 12:3 – This is a nuptial spice from The Song of Solomon 1:12 associated with the wedding night consummation. Jesus said to SAVE IT FOR HIS BURIAL.

The myrrh and aloes that were brought to the tomb to anoint Jesus with after his death are also nuptial spices from the Song of Solomon 4:14.

The woman looking for her beloved from the Song of Solomon chapter 5 also represents Mary Magdalene at the tomb looking for the risen Jesus.

From Genesis 2:24 – “A man shall leave his mother and father and cleave to his wife.”  This was said about Adam, who had no mother and father, and not about Eve. Women also leave their mother and father and cleave to their spouse. This is a type of Christ, who did leave His Father in heaven and his mother on earth to cleave to his bride, the Church. And we become one flesh with each other by consuming the Eucharist, the bread of everlasting life.

And remember that Jesus did not drink the final cup of the Passover meal during the Last Supper. He said he would drink it in His Father's kingdom. (He kept praying that he wouldn't have to drink of the cup of suffering, as well). When he said, "I thirst" from the Cross, and they gave him sour wine, he drank it and said, "IT IS CONSUMMATED." Which not only ties the Last Supper to the Crucifixion as a one-time perpetual sacrifice, it also is nuptial imagery that Christ the bridegroom has indeed married his bride, the Church.

The incident of the Woman at the Well in John Chapter 4 is also a prefigurement of Jesus marriage to His church.  In the Old Testament, Jacob met his wife Rachel at a well, Isaac got his wife Rebekah from a well, and Moses met his wife Zipporah at a well.  When Jesus said to the Samaritan woman, “Give me a drink,” this not only looked back into the Old Testament to Jacob, Isaac, and Moses and their brides, it also looked forward to the cross, where Jesus said, “I thirst.”  Jesus told the woman at the well that she has had 5 husbands, and the one she is with now (Jesus!) is not her husband (because Samaritans worship false gods).  When Jesus told her that she should ask him for “living water,” this is a reference to the Song of Songs 4:15 and its nuptial imagery.

The wedding feast at Cana in John 2 is also prophetic when it comes to Jesus the Bridegroom. Mary told Jesus, “They have no wine.”  And Jesus replied that “what is that to you and me? My HOUR has not come.” Which implies that he would be providing fine wine at a certain hour in the future, the hour of the Last Supper, which is the marriage feast of the lamb.  Just as one substance was changed into another at Cana (water into wine), Jesus will change the wine at the Last Supper into his mystical blood, the finest wine of all.





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